English English Nederlands Nederlands Deutsch Deutsch Italiano Italiano Español Español Français Français 简体中文 简体中文 Português Português Русский Русский
    DetailingWiki Newsletter
    Get free and automatic updates on new articles
    We respect your privacy. No data is used for anything other than sending the newsletter!

    Advertisement

What is wax

Written by:

Wax is a protective product that is used to protect a surface from outside contaminants. It is made up out of several ingredients with wax as the main ingredient.

Hybrids and natural wax

Wax products can contain polymers to enhance their characteristics, when these polymers are synthetic these are called silicones. When silicones are used in a wax product, this becomes a hybrid. Although the term hybrid does not directly refer to silicone ingredients, it refers to sealants which are polymer-based protective products. A wax with silicone ingredients is therefore considered to be a blend of a wax product and a sealant product.
The term “hybrid” is not often used in the real world. Since the main focus lies on the wax ingredient, there is no obvious need to express the fact that a wax is a hybrid.
Almost every commercial wax contains polymers, but not all of these polymers are synthetic. The wax products that do not contain synthetic polymers (=silicones) are sometimes referred to as natural waxes.

Ingredients

In general, a wax product is made up out of wax as its main ingredient, solvents to carry the wax and to dissipate after application and oils to soften up the product and to help in application.
The wax used can be very different, a few examples are: carnauba wax, beeswax, montanwax, candelilawax etc.
The wax used can depend on certain characteristics. Carnauba wax is very hard, which gives a more glass looking reflection, beeswax is softer and gives colors a warm glow. This is due to the refractive index the wax creates. Several different waxes are often mixed to combine their charateristics and create a wax that is mostly aimed at giving gloss, or enhancing color.

Self-sarcificial

Wax is – unlike most other protective products – self-sacrificial. This means that is prevents dirt from coming into contact with the paint by sacrificing itself. For example, sand particles can get trapped in the layer of wax. By trapping the dirt, it won’t be able to get into contact with the paint underneath, but it does mean that the layer of wax becomes “dirty”. Which in turn means that it needs to be replaced after a certain period of time.
The wax can also break down over time due to it “giving its life” to protect the paint.
Trapping dirt and breaking down causes the surface energy to change, which creates less round drops of water (beading). The beads become more flat, with jagged edges and lower surface-contact angles.

Different related articles

  • Stjärnagloss
    Manufacturers
    Stjärnagloss is a United Kingdom located manufacturer of detailing related products since early 2010. The brand started selling via Shinearama but after a quiet period relaunched the brand in 2019 with new products. The products with Scandinavian names might give a clue on the roots of the brand....
  • The best microfibre towel
    Detailing Miscellaneous
    It is often asked on detailing fora and social media: "what is the best microfibre towel". Off course there is a difference between certain products and brands, but it is important to know what you are asking. In this guide I will try to explain what the problem is with this question unless it is asked more in-depth....
  • What is wiper judder
    Decontaminating
    Wiper judder refers to "jumping" wipers that shake/jump/judder when moving over the windscreen. The rubber from the windscreen wiper sticks to the glass surface even though the wiper arm continues to move. The rubber "jumps" over the surface instead of gliding smoothly over the glass....
  • Protecting a matte surface
    Detailing Miscellaneous
    When you have a matte wrap on your car, or just matte paintwork, you need to take care what protective product you are using. Protecting a matte finish is just as important as on a normal surface, but you need to be careful what you use....
  • Repair stone chips
    Detailing Miscellaneous
    When you have stone chips, you probably want to fix it. However, it is not like you can just spray paint your car again. Certain stone chips are more easy to repair then others. With a lot of practice, it can give a very good end result....
  • What are health hazards
    Guides
    Detailing isn't without risks. You work with chemicals or fast moving machines. It is important to take you own safety into account and to be aware of health risks at work. Preparation is key to safety....

Links to this article

There are no external links to this article. Yet.
Sidebar



Stay up to date with our free newsletter
Always be the first to know about new updates, articles and other informative content.
Don't miss out, opt in!
We respect your privacy. No data is used for anything other than sending the newsletter!